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Nordic Outlook May 2024

What are the findings in the latest issue of Nordic Outlook? Here you find our economists' in-depth theme articles and analysis of trends. So far in 2024, the growth outlook has improved a bit. The US has again reported surprisingly strong growth, but also worrisome inflation setbacks. The inflation downtrend is alive but unstable, persuading central banks to wait longer and cut key rates more slowly.  In a deteriorating geopolitical situation with constant new military, political and economic conflicts, the world remains unpredictable.

A mixed situation as central banks show their true colours

This year has started dramatically, with geopolitical turmoil and central bank choices at the heart of economic policy discussion. The ongoing conflict in the Middle East escalated into direct attacks between Israel and Iran, a development many had feared but no one wanted. This caused markets to react negatively − with reduced risk appetite, lower share prices, higher bond yields, rising oil and gold prices, a stronger US dollar and a weaker euro and krona.
Jens Magnusson and Daniel Bergvall

Theme: EU’s green support

The EU is in a clean technology race with China and the US focusing on climate mitigation, energy security and competitiveness. Plans will probably lead to a paradigm shift in EU policy towards more governmental intervention and joint subsidies.

Theme: The EU election

During June 6−9, 2024 the European Union’s 27 member states will elect a new European Parliament. Many important issues are at stake, and there may be obstacles along the way that could have both economic and political effects.

The US

Continued economic resilience. The Fed is holding off because of inflation reversals, but a cooler labour market and gradually slower inflation will persuade the Fed to cut rates in September.


Lower inflation and ECB interest rate cuts this year will be essential if consumption and capital spending are to accelerate in the second half of 2024. The labour market is showing signs of weakening. 


Policymakers need to ramp up monetary and fiscal stimulus to meet ambitious growth targets. The PBoC is likely to hold its key rate constant throughout our forecast period.


Rapidly falling inflation will pave the way for a clear shift in both fiscal and monetary policy − and a strong recovery in growth during 2025. The Riksbank will cut its policy rate in May. 

Download Nordic Outlook reports

Our macroeconomic flagship report Nordic Outlook contains our economists' views on economic developments in the world. You will find key forecasts as well as an analysis of trends and political decisions that affect the world economy.